Bladder is the organ in the body that holds urine. Bladder cancer happens when the cells inside of it grow out of control and form a tumor.
Bladder cancer symptoms may include :
- Blood in urine (hematuria)
- Painful urination
- Pelvic pain
- Back pain
- Frequent urination
Cystoscopy examination is the gold standard in diagnosis of bladder tumour. CT scan and MRI are performed for staging purpose.
Bladder cancer may be classified as either low risk or high risk based on tumour characteristics.
Recommended procedure for for low risk cancer is :
- Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumour (TURBT)
Recommended procedure for high risk cancer is :
- Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy with ileal conduit
TUBRBT is diagnostic and therapeutic procedure for low risk bladder cancer.
A resectoscope is inserted into bladder, and the bladder lesions are resected into small pierces and removed.
Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy is a minimal invasive procedure to remove the the entire bladder. After a radical cystectomy, your surgeon will create a new way for urine to leave your body (urinary diversion). For ileal conduit urinary diversion, a tube (ileal conduit) is created using a piece of your intestine. The tube runs from your ureters, which drain your kidneys, to the outside of your body, where urine empties into a pouch (urostomy bag) you wear on your abdomen.